Monthly Archives: August 2015

Get To Know Your Teeth

chin-in-handsHow much do you know about your teeth? Did you know that you have four different types of teeth and that each tooth inside your mouth is made up of multiple parts? Find out more below:

Types Of Teeth

You have four kinds of teeth: the incisors, the canines, the pre-molars, and the molars.


The incisors are the eight teeth at the front of your mouth. You have four incisors on the top row and four on the bottom. These teeth are thinner than the rest of your teeth and they are used for biting.


You have four canines. They are on each side of your incisors. You have two on the top row and two on the bottom row. These teeth are sharper and pointier than the rest of your teeth and they are used for gripping and tearing food.


The pre-molars come next. You have eight pre-molars, which are evenly split between the top and bottom rows of your mouth. There are four on the left side and four on the right side. These teeth are large and flat and they are used for crushing food.


The molars are the largest, flattest teeth in your mouth. Most adults have twelve molars including the wisdom teeth. These teeth are used for grinding and chewing food.

Parts Of Teeth

Each tooth in your mouth is made up of multiple parts, including:

  • The crown: This is the part of your tooth that you can see. It sits above the gumline.
  • The root: The root is the part of your tooth that is below the gumline. It makes up about two thirds of your tooth’s length.
  • Enamel: The enamel is the hardest, whitest part of your tooth. It is the outside layer that protects the softer layers inside your teeth against damage.
  • Dentin: Dentin is the softer, yellowish substance underneath the enamel. A lot of your tooth is made up of dentin.
  • Pulp: The pulp is further inside your tooth. It is made up of blood vessels and nerves. The pulp is responsible for providing nutrients to your teeth.

To learn more about your teeth and to find out how to keep them healthy, schedule and appointment at Royal Dental.

tooth bleeding houston tx | tooth extraction Royal Dental USAIs your mouth bleeding? Seeing blood in your mouth can be alarming and scary, and sometimes that alarm is well founded. In other situations, however, a little bit of bleeding is normal. Here’s what you should know.

When is bleeding a problem?

Bleeding is a problem if it occurs when you brush or floss your teeth under normal circumstances. If you see blood when you floss or brush your teeth, it could be a sign of gingivitis or periodontal disease. Contact your dentist for a checkup.

When is bleeding normal?

While bleeding during brushing and flossing is abnormal, bleeding after a tooth extraction is normal and nothing to worry about. There will probably be some blood for a few days after your tooth extraction. Remember that blood mixes with saliva in your mouth, so it often looks much worse than it really is.

How can I help my mouth heal after a tooth extraction?

If your mouth does start bleeding after a tooth extraction, use a clean piece of material or gauze to put pressure on the bleeding area. Keep the pressure there for about 15 minutes. If bleeding is very severe, or continues for a long time contact your dentist.


Follow these other tips to help your mouth heal after a tooth extraction:

  • Follow all the instructions given by your dentist. Sometimes this will include taking some pain medications.
  • Do not rinse your mouth out for about 24 hours, or as instructed by your dentist. Your mouth begins to heal itself naturally and forms a blood clot in the area where the tooth was extracted. If you rinse your mouth out too soon, you could set back the healing process.
  • Apply a cold compress to the outside of your mouth to help reduce swelling and manage pain.
  • Keep your head elevated when you lie down.
  • Avoid smoking and drinking alcohol.
  • Be gentle, but don’t stop brushing or flossing your teeth while your mouth heals.


To learn more about what to expect from a tooth extraction, and for more advice about taking care of your mouth, visit Royal Dental.


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