Get To Know Your Teeth

chin-in-handsHow much do you know about your teeth? Did you know that you have four different types of teeth and that each tooth inside your mouth is made up of multiple parts? Find out more below:

Types Of Teeth

You have four kinds of teeth: the incisors, the canines, the pre-molars, and the molars.


The incisors are the eight teeth at the front of your mouth. You have four incisors on the top row and four on the bottom. These teeth are thinner than the rest of your teeth and they are used for biting.


You have four canines. They are on each side of your incisors. You have two on the top row and two on the bottom row. These teeth are sharper and pointier than the rest of your teeth and they are used for gripping and tearing food.


The pre-molars come next. You have eight pre-molars, which are evenly split between the top and bottom rows of your mouth. There are four on the left side and four on the right side. These teeth are large and flat and they are used for crushing food.


The molars are the largest, flattest teeth in your mouth. Most adults have twelve molars including the wisdom teeth. These teeth are used for grinding and chewing food.

Parts Of Teeth

Each tooth in your mouth is made up of multiple parts, including:

  • The crown: This is the part of your tooth that you can see. It sits above the gumline.
  • The root: The root is the part of your tooth that is below the gumline. It makes up about two thirds of your tooth’s length.
  • Enamel: The enamel is the hardest, whitest part of your tooth. It is the outside layer that protects the softer layers inside your teeth against damage.
  • Dentin: Dentin is the softer, yellowish substance underneath the enamel. A lot of your tooth is made up of dentin.
  • Pulp: The pulp is further inside your tooth. It is made up of blood vessels and nerves. The pulp is responsible for providing nutrients to your teeth.

To learn more about your teeth and to find out how to keep them healthy, schedule and appointment at Royal Dental.

Know the Signs & Symptoms of Oral Cancer

oral cancer in houston texas at royal dental usaApril is Oral Cancer Awareness Month. With oral cancer rates on the rise it is important to understand the signs and symptoms that may indicate an oral cancer.

Oral cancer can occur on the lips, inside the mouth, the throat, tonsils, or salivary glands. Oral cancer can be fatal, with a 5 year survival rate of roughly 50 percent. One of the main reasons for oral cancer patient’s poor prognosis is a failure to detect the cancer early. Identifying symptoms of oral cancer is the key to successful treatment.

When Should I See a Dentist?

You should make an appointment with your dentist if you have any unexplained, persistent signs and symptoms that last more than two weeks.

See Your Dentist If Any of the Following Last Longer Than 2 Weeks:

  • A sore in the mouth that does not heal is the most common symptom of oral cancer
  • An unexplained pain in your mouth or ear
  • An unexplained lump in your neck
  • A lump or thickening in the cheek
  • A white or red patch on the gums, tongue, tonsil, or lining of the mouth
  • A persistent sore throat or feeling that something is caught in the throat
  • Difficulty swallowing or chewing
  • Difficulty moving the jaw or tongue
  • Numbness of the tongue or mouth
  • Jaw swelling that makes dentures hurt or fit poorly
  • Unexplained loosening of the teeth
  • Unexplained pain in the teeth or jaw
  • Voice changes

In most cases it probably won’t be cancer, but it’s better to be on the safe side and see your dentist. If oral cancer is present, getting it diagnosed as soon as possible will help ensure that any treatment is as effective as possible.

Regular Dental Visits are Key

You won’t always be able to spot the earliest warning signs of oral cancer, which is why regular check-ups with both your dentist and physician are so important. Your dentist is trained to detect early warning signs of oral cancer, so be sure to make regular checkups a part of your life.

If you don’t have a regular dentist, we would like to invite you to come visit us at your local Royal Dental office. We have 7 dental offices in the Greater Houston area to serve you and your family’s dental needs.


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