Periodontics

Periodontics in Houston TX

periodontal disease treatment Houston TXPeriodontitis is a condition that causes extreme swelling and damage to the gum tissue. If left untreated periodontitis can lead to more extensive dental disease including tooth loss and damage.

With severe periodontitis, a radical amount of gum tissue and bone tissue is lost. Usually, teeth lose more support as the disease continues to destroy the periodontal ligament and bone. Teeth become loose and may even need to be extracted. This causes difficulties in normal everyday chewing and biting habits. If advanced periodontal disease is left untreated, patients run the risk of other serious health problems.

What is Gum Disease? 

Moderate gum disease occurs when the tooth’s bone tissue to start to deteriorate. Periodontitis is a more serious disease. This occurs when byproducts from the plaque destroy the tissues that help root your teeth into the bone. Your gums start to recess and begin detaching themselves from your teeth. This forms pockets in your gums and allows more plaque to collect under your gum line. Plaque collecting below your gum line puts the roots of your teeth at risk and susceptible to decay. Generally, patients notice an increase in sensitivity in their teeth. The different types of sensitivities include to hot, cold and touch.

What is Gingivitis?

Early stages of gum disease are referenced to as Gingivitis. This is helps develop toxins, enzymes, and other plaque byproducts that irritate the gums. These toxins, enzymes and other byproducts make your gums tender, swollen and likely to bleed easily. Gingivitis generally can be treated with minor treatment from your dentist persistent proper oral hygiene. If this is Gingivitis is treated correctly, your gums can return to back to a healthy state.

Root exposure resulting from gingival tissue recession may pose multiple problems for patients such as:

  • Undesirable aesthetics
  • Root sensitivity
  • Impaired oral hygiene
  • Increased caries susceptibility
  • Teeth may become loose

Will untreated Gum Disease affect my overall health?

Studies have been conducted and show a correlation between periodontal (gum) disease, heart disease and other health conditions.

Research further suggests that if you have any sort of gum disease, you may be at a more serious risk for heart disease than hypertension, smoking, cholesterol, gender and ages.

Researchers conclusions suggest that bacteria present in infected gums can become loose and move throughout the body through the bloodstream. Once bacteria reach the arteries, they can irritate them in the same way that they irritate gum tissue causing arterial plaque, which can cause hardening and affect blood-flow. 

Gum Disease Treatment Options

Tooth Scaling

Tooth scaling helps eliminate plaque, tartar and hard crusty calculus deposits. There are loaded with bacteria.

Sub-gingival tooth scaling is necessary when plaque and tartar are detected below the gum line.

Root Planing

After tooth scaling, the roots may need to be planed as well to help smooth the root surface. Soft tissue will re-attach itself to a smooth tooth surface at a later point.

Your dentist may also recommend medications to help control infection, pain, or to encourage healing.  Arestin is used after a root planing procedure to aid in the healing process. Arestin is a medication that is placed in the gum pockets. Once there, Arestin helps speed the healing process up by shrinking the gum pockets.

Crown Lengthening

Here at Royal Dental, we offer periodontal procedures. These services are able to lay the groundwork to improve the aesthetics of your gum line.Crown lengthening is a procedure that lengthens your teeth if they are covered with too much gum tissue.

During this procedure, excess gum and bone tissue is re-shaped to expose more of the natural tooth. This can be done to one tooth, to even your gum line, or to several teeth to expose a natural, broad smile.

Crown lengthening can make a restorative or cosmetic dental procedure possible. If your tooth is decayed, broken below the gum line, or has insufficient tooth structure for a restoration, services such as a crown or bridge can help you. Crown lengthening adjusts the gum and bone level to expose more of the tooth so it can be restored.

Perio-Regeneration 

When a tooth is lost both bone and gum tissue competes for the defect space. The gum tissue generates quicker than bone, thus assuming the space. With a membrane placement we can keep the gum tissue from the space, while the bone regenerates.

Bone regeneration is often used to rebuild the supporting structures around the teeth which have been destroyed by periodontal disease. Bone surgery may be used to rebuild or reshape bone. Grafts of the patient’s bone or artificial bone may be used, as well as special membranes.

Schedule a consultation

For more information on gum disease and gingivitis, or to schedule a consultation, call Royal Dental at (713) 330-7700 today!

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