TMJ/TMD

TMJ Treatment in Houston

Temporomandibular joint disorder (TMD) is not simply a disorder, but a group of conditions affecting the temporomandibular joint (TMJ), or the jaw joint, and the muscles that control chewing. TMJ/TMD is often painful, but the discomfort is temporary and usually occurs in cycles. In most cases, the pain eventually goes away whether the patient receives treatment or not. However, if the condition starts to disrupt your daily activities and you would like to learn more about TMD treatment, contact Royal Dental and let one of our TMD experts evaluate your situation.

What are the symptoms of TMD?

Symptoms vary from patient to patient and may slowly surface over time. Common signs of TMD include:

• Pain in the jaw, face, or neck
• Stiff jaw muscles
• Pain when stretching the mouth or jaw joint
• Pain when yawning or chewing
• Limited movement of the jaw joint
• Popping or clicking of the jaw joint
• Changes in the alignment of the lower and upper jaw

What causes TMD?

The lower jaw, also known as the mandible, is connected to the temporal bone at the side of the head by the temporomandibular joint. You can feel the joint on every side of the head if you put your fingers in front of the ears and open your mouth.

These joints are flexible and allow the jaw to move smoothly, enabling us to chew, talk, and yawn. Over time the joint and its muscles can become overworked, stressed, or painful to use. However, the American Dental Association says that problems involving the TMJ are caused by trauma.

More than 10 million people in the United States have TMD, with the disorder afflicting more women than men.

What are the different TMD categories?

TMD falls into three categories:

1. Myofascial pain is the most common type of TMD, with pain in the muscles that control jaw functions, as well as in the shoulder and neck muscles.
2. Internal derangement of the joint, which means there is a displaced or dislocated disc or the condyle is injured.
3. Degenerative joint disease such as rheumatoid arthritis or osteoarthritis in the jaw joint.

How will Royal Dental treat my TMD?

If you are experiencing symptoms of TMD, it’s important to make an appointment with Royal Dental for a thorough evaluation of your condition. Many of our TMD patients do not need surgical correction. Your Royal Dental professional will assess your health needs to identify an approach that will alleviate your symptoms. This may include stretching exercises, compresses for your muscles, or the use of prescription medications. If needed, surgical correction will be discussed during your consultation.

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