Gum disease is one of the most common oral health conditions worldwide. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), over 47% of US adults aged 30 years or above suffer from some form of gum disease. Similarly, the World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that gum disease affects around 14% of the global adult population. Like other dental problems, untreated gum disease can cause various oral and systemic health complications. But, the good news is that gum disease is preventable and treatable. This blog discusses how periodontal specialists manage cases of gum disease and ensure the optimal health of their patients.
Gum disease refers to the inflammation of the gums and structures that support our teeth in their bony sockets. The most common cause of gum disease is poor oral hygiene. When brushing and flossing are not properly, food debris adheres to the teeth. This debris, called the dental plaque, hardens over time and becomes calculus. Both calculus and plaque are carbohydrate-rich and provide an ideal environment for the growth of disease-causing bacteria. These bacteria utilize the sugars from plaque and tartar for their metabolism and release toxins that destroy the fibers that attach our teeth to the gums and jawbones.
In the early stages, gum disease, or gingivitis is reversible. However, if it is not treated timely, advanced gum disease, also called periodontitis, causes widespread damage. There is extensive damage to the bones supporting our teeth. As a result, the teeth become mobile in their sockets and ultimately fall off if treatment is not sought timely. That is why it is important to treat gum disease as soon as possible.
Treatment of gum disease by periodontists in Houston depends on the severity of the condition.
Since gingivitis is reversible, periodontists manage it by giving oral hygiene instructions to the patients. This involves educating them on the proper technique of brushing and flossing and eating a tooth-friendly diet. With proper oral hygiene care and regular dental checkup visits, full recovery of gingivitis can be expected.
When gum disease extends into an advanced stage, intervention by a periodontist in Houston is required. Besides, oral hygiene instructions, your periodontist in Houston will perform the following procedures:
A periodontist is a dental specialist who specializes in the prevention, diagnosis, and management of diseases related to the gums and tooth-supporting structures. If you have swollen, tender, or bleeding gums, you might be suffering from gum disease, and you must consult a periodontist in Houston right away. At Royal Dental, we have a team of qualified and experienced dentists specializing in the management of periodontal diseases. So, book an appointment today and let us take care of your oral health.